Your Gums Hold Your Teeth, Treat Them Well.

Gum Treatment

Home  / Specialist Dentistry / Gum Treatment

Periodontics is the specialty of dentistry that deals with the supporting structures of your teeth and the diseases that affect them.

The supporting structures for your teeth include gingiva (gums), periodontal attachment and the supporting bone.

Our Periodontist specialises in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal (gum) diseases, and the placement and maintenance of dental implants.

We also provide various aesthetic and cosmetic gum procedures, which can beautify your smile.

gum treatment Periodontics

Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)

Periodontal disease is a chronic infection that destroys the supporting bone and attachment tissues that hold your teeth in place in your mouth.

The Adult Oral Health Survey 2003 conducted by the Singapore Health Promotion Board showed that 85% of Singaporeans have periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is a silent disease and might have set in despite the absence of pain.

When left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to premature tooth loss.

What Are The Symptoms Of Gum Disease?

Common signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include:

  • Bleeding gums during brushing.
  • Red, swollen or tender gums.
  • Gum abscesses (gum boils).
  • Pus from between the teeth and gums.
  • Longer looking teeth (gum recession).
  • Persistent bad breath.
  • Vague discomfort.
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite or chew.

What Causes Gum Disease?

The main cause of periodontal disease is dental plaque – the sticky, creamy coloured film that constantly forms on your teeth. Dental plaque contains millions of bacteria, which produce toxins that irritate the gums and can cause infection. In more advanced stages, the bone supporting the teeth is lost.

Risk factors that will increase the prevalence of periodontal diseases include:

  • Smoking.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes.
  • Hormonal changes (pregnancy).
  • Medications such as anti-depressants, anti-convulsions, certain heart medications and medications that prevent organ transplant rejection.

What Is The Treatment For Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

The goal of periodontal treatment is to arrest the progression of the disease and to restore the health of your teeth and gums.

There are several treatment phases and varies according to the severity of your disease.


Treatment involves scaling (cleaning), root planing (deep cleaning) and polishing to remove plaque, calculus and bacteria from below the gumline. This may be performed under local anesthesia.

An essential part of the treatment will also include oral hygiene instructions on how to clean your teeth effectively.

Following a complete full mouth treatment, your gum condition will be reviewed in 2 months to assess the outcome of the initial treatment.


This may form part of the gum therapy following initial non-surgical periodontal therapy. It is performed in cases where the condition does not improve following non-surgical therapy i.e. there are persistent deep pockets and loss of supporting bone. The surgery aims to reconstruct bone that was lost around the teeth. In periodontally healthy patients, surgery may be recommended in certain cases.

The surgery therapy could include:

  1. Possible removal of excess gum tissue to assist in increasing the height of a tooth for crown fabrication, or to harmonise an uneven gum line
  2. In cases where there is gum recession on teeth or exposing tooth structures, coverage for these defects will be performed.

Suitability of the above procedures will be determined by the periodontist.


Once the disease has been arrested, you will be seen for professional maintenance on a regular basis.

This ensures your gum condition stays under control.

Periodontal disease is a chronic disease, thus in the absence of regular careful maintenance, the disease may recur.

Bone Regeneration

These procedures “grow” the teeth’s supporting structures (bone/attachment), which were lost due to periodontal (gum) diseases.

It serves to improve the support of your natural set of teeth so that they can be retained and stay functional for a longer period of time.

Techniques include the use of membrane and bone grafts or even enamel matrix derivative to promote the re-growth of the part of the bone and supporting tissues.

Get Your Dental Appointment Today

And a new, improved smile

Preferred Time
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

Other Dentistry Services

gum surgery procedures

Periodontal plastic procedures (aesthetic gum surgery) can be performed to enhance your smile. Also, known as gum reshaping, gum contouring is a procedure that removes excess gum tissues to expose more of the crown on the tooth to create a proportionate look of gum tissue and tooth surface.

Learn More

Gum Surgery

prosthodontics dental implants cosmetic dentistry

You can now have the option to have individual recreation of each tooth in your mouth to correct imperfect bite positions, restore worn out and broken teeth, and to enhance the appearance of your smile.

Learn More

Full Mouth Reconstruction

Incorporated in 2005, Singapore Medical Group (SMG) is a private specialist and primary healthcare provider with a network of more than 20 medical specialties. The Group is committed to its promise of providing patient centred medical care and experience to every individual. SMG has 35 clinics and a growing network of SMG Associates all across the island.

Talk to Us
Talk to us today!
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.
Call Us